The Centre for River Nations


Main Rivers Data Table




Statistical Base:

Current Fields:  Length, Catchment (Drainage) Area, Discharge at Mouth, Distinction, Notable Tributaries

Fields in Development:  Earliest Human Settlement, Wilderness Area Supported, Rain Forest Area Supported, Agricultural Area Supported, Industrial Area Supported, Urban Area Supported, Human Population Supported, Volume, Weight
RIVER SYSTEM LENGTH (miles to source of longest tributary, approx.) LENGTH (km to source of longest tributary, approx.) DRAINAGE AREA (sq. miles) DRAINAGE AREA (1,000 sq. km) DISCHARGE AT MOUTH (cu. meters per second) DISTINCTION NOTABLE TRIBUTARIES
Altamaha 419     38 400   Oconee, Ocmulgee
Amazon 3,920 6,516 2,270,000 7,180 180,000 the greatest flow , navigable for 2,000 miles Negro, Tocantins
Amu Darya 1,550 2,620   227 1,300    
Amur 2,800 4,510 730,000 1,855 12,500   Sungari
Androscoggin 171 273.6          
Apalachicola- -Chattahoochee 508 812.8         Flint
Brahmaputra (Tsangpo) 1,700 2,900   938 20,000    
Brazos 800 1280          
Cape Fear 202 323.2          
Churchill 1,000 1600   290      
Colorado 1,450 3,200   629 168 cuts Grand Canyon Gila, Salt
Colorado 970 1552       bears same name as larger river to west  
Colorado 550 880          
Columbia 1,210 2,250   669 6,650   Snake, Willamette
Congo (Zaire) 2,900 4,700 1,440,000 3,822 42,000 the longest river flowing westward  
Connecticut 380 608          
Danube (Ister, Danarea, Dunav, Duna, Donau) 1,750 2,850 320,000 805 6,450   Drava, Tisa (Theiss), Sava, Pruth, Inn
Daugava (Zapadnaja Dvina, Duena) 635 1,020   84 700    
Delaware 315 504       provides food for migrating birds Lehigh, Schulkill
Dnieper 1,420 2,850   503 1,660   Pripyat, Pina, Desna
Dniester 875 1400          
Don 1,200 1,970   443 930    
Douro (Duero) 475 776   98 650    
Dvina (Northern) 465 1,302   360 3,560    
Ebro 575 927   86 600    
Elbe 725 1,165   144 750   Moldau, Havel
Fraser 850 1360   235 2,938    
Gambia 600 960          
Ganges 1,560 2,700   1,073 15,000 sacred river of India Jumna, Brahmaputra
Garonne 400 650   56 680    
Glomma 365 587   42 685    
Godavari 900 1440          
Göta (with Klarälven)   720   50 585    
Guadalquivir 350 560       Name from Arabic Wad-al-Kebir, "great river"  
Guadiana 500 800          
Housatonic 130 208          
Hudson 315 504       navigable to beyond mountains Mohawk
Hwai 675 1080          
Indigirka 1,100 1760          
Indus 1,800 3,180   960 3,850 supported prehistoric civilization Kabul, Ravi
Irrawaddy 1,000 2,150   431 14,000    
James 340 544          
Jordan 230 368          
Kemi 345 494   51 525    
Kennebec 164 262.4          
Khatanga 715 1144          
Kistna 800 1280          
Klamath 270 432          
Kolmya 1,500 2400       crosses gold fields  
La Grande         3,389    
Lena 2,700 4,270 961,000 2,490 16,400    
Liao 900 1440          
Loire 625 1,020   121 900    
Lule 275 450   25 510 Dams provide electricity to Sweden  
Mackenzie 2,640 4,250 697,000 1,805 7,500 9,856  
Magdalena 1,000 1600          
Mekong 2,500 4,500   795 15,900    
Merrimack 110 176          
Mezen 565 857   76 840    
Mississippi- -Missouri 3,870 6,019 1,247,000 3,221 17,545 the longest river flowing southward Yellowstone, Platte, Ohio, Wabash , Cumberland, Tennessee, Arkansas, Canadian, Red
Mobile- -Tombigbee 454 726.4     1,900   Alabama
Murray- -Darling 2,300 2,570 410,000 1,072 391    
Narbada 800 1280          
Nelson 400 640   1,093 2,633   Saskatchewan, Assinibone
Neva 46 74   281 2,530    
Niemen 580 990   98 690   Viliya
Niger 2,600 4,030 850,000 2,092 5,700    
Nile 4,180 6,484 1,170,000 2,881 1,584 Egyptian agriculture depended on seasonal flooding. White Nile, Blue Nile
Ob' 3,459 5,570 1,154,000 2,975 12,600 25 miles wide at mouth Irtysh, Tom
Oder 562 912   119 580   Neisse
Ogeechee 250 400          
Olenek 1,350 2160          
Onega 250 405   58 575    
Orange 1,300 2,250         Vaal
Orinoco 2,200 2,500 373,000 1,086 28,000 upper river branches to form Casiquiare, to Negro, to Amazon  
Parnaíba 800 1280          
Pechora 1,120 1,809   327 4,060    
Pee Dee 435 696         Waccamaw, Little Pee Dee, Lynches, Yadkin
Penobscot 350 560          
Po 405 676   70 1,460    
Raritan 75 120          
Red (Song Koi) 750 800     3,900   Black
Rhine 820 1,360   224 2,200 commercially most important river of Europe Main
Rhône 505 812   98 1,900   Saone
Río de la Plata , Paraná , Uruguay 2,795 4,700 1,197,000 2,650 19,500   Paraguay, Pilcomayo
Rio Grande (Río Bravo del Norte) 1,885 2,870   570 (350-930) 82 waist-deep at mouth Pecos
Roanoke 380 608          
Saco 105 168          
Sacramento 320 512          
Saint Lawrence 2,350 3,100   1,030 10,400 follows straight fault line , drains Great Lakes Rainy, Maumee, Niagara, Ottawa, Richelieu, Saguenay
Saltilla       9 85    
Salween (Saluen, Chiama Ngu Chu) 1,750 3,200   280 1,500    
San Joaquin 350 560          
Santee 143 228.8         Wateree, Catawba, Congaree, Saluda, Broad, Enoree, Tyger
São Francisco 1,900 2,900   610 3,300    
Savannah 314 502.4   29 360    
Seine 482 776   79 500    
Senegal 1,000 1600          
Shannon 220 352          
Shatt el Arab , Euphrates , Tigris 1,795 2,900   808 856 home of ancient Mesopotamian civilization  
St. John 400         largest river of New Brunswick  
St. Johns 280 448       largest river of Florida  
St. Mary's 175 280   4 20    
Susquehanna 450 720       Drowned lower valley became Chesapeake Bay.  
Tagus 625 1000          
Tarim- -Khotan 1,300 2,000   1,000      
Thames 210 336          
Tiber 251 401.6          
Trinity 500 800          
Ural 1,550 2,534   220 347   Orenburg, Magnitogorsk
Vistula 663 1,095   194 1,100   Bug
Volga 2,300 3,688 533,000 1,380 8,000 flows to landlocked Caspian Sea Kama, Vyatkai, Oka, Moskva
Volta 1,000 1600          
Waikato 264 425       longest river in New Zealand Waipa, Poutu
Yalu 500 800          
Yangtze (Chang Jiang) 3,900 5,800 698,000 1,970 35,000 the lifeline of China  
Yellow (Huang He) 3,400 4,845 290,000 745 1,365 Silt deposits have raised portions of river bed 70 ft. (20m) above surrounding land.  
Yenisei- -Angara 3,440 5,550 996,000 2,605 19,600 drains Lake Baikal  
Yukon 2,200 3,185   855 7,000   Tanana, Porcupine
Zambezi 2,200 2,660 548,000 1,330 2,500 flows over Victoria Falls  



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